Emerald is the birthstone for May and a relative of the mineral beryl. Trace amounts of vanadium and chromium give emeralds their brilliant green coloring. From the Greek word smaragdos changing to esmaraldus in Latin, and becoming emeraude in old English we get to emerald.
Emeralds occur in hues ranging from blue-green to a yellow-green with green being the primary hue. Medium to dark gems are called emeralds with the light toned gems being classified as green beryl.
The Gachala Emerald is one of the most valuable uncut emeralds in the world. It was discovered in a mine in Columbia and donated to the Smithsonian by jeweler Harry Winston.
The Mogul Mughal Emerald is one of the largest emeralds and an inscription on the gem had a date of 1695. It is in a museum in Qatar.
The Incas regarded them as holy stones.
“Cleopatra’s Mines” in Egypt were emerald mines. The Vedas or Holy Scripture of the Indians claim that emeralds enhance well-being and bring good luck.
Emeralds were highly prized by Sultans, Maharajas and Maharanis. An emerald is one of the stones dropped into Hansel’s hand in the story Hansel and Gretel. An Old Portuguese folktale tells of a rabbit who stole an emerald ring from a princess. Koschei ( Lord Valdemort in the Harry Potter tales is based on a Koschei) is an evil antagonist in a DC comic and in one of the tales, The Sandman, the heart of the Koschei which is an emerald is stolen first by a gypsy, second a werewolf and finally by a Baba Yaga, a superhuman being.
This week we will look at Emerald Artz.