August is named for Imperator Caesar Divi Filius Augustus. He was the adopted son, grandnephew and heir of Julius Caesar. He was the founder of the Roman Empire and its first Emperor.
The month was originally called Sextilis because it was the sixth month. It had 29 days. Augustus chose this month because he had won many important battles, including the conquering of Egypt; which followed the death of Cleopatra, the last pharaoh of Egypt before it became a Roman province.
Wanting no less days in his namesake month of August than Julius Caesar had for July, 2 more days were added to the month.
Augustus died on August 19 14 A.D.
Today on August 19 let us remember Caesar Augustus, Roman Emperor and the art he inspired.